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The terms ‘eczema’ or ‘vicharchika’ are synonymous. They refer to distinctive reaction patterns in the skin , which can be either acute or chronic and due to a number of causes.

Types of Eczemas :

There are two groups of eczemas: Exogenous and endogenous. While overlap between the two groups is common, distinction between them is critical for treatment because avoidance of incriminating contactants takes precedence over other measures in the management of exogenous eczema. The box below shows the classification of the eczemas.

Classification of the eczemas :
  • Irritant
  • Allergic
  • Atopic
  • Seborrhoeic
  • Discoid
  • Asteatotic
  • Gravitational
  • Localised neurodermatitis
  • Pompholyx



  • In the former, there is no secretion whereas in the latter, water may come out from the patches, either by scratching or without it.

  • Redness and swelling, usually with ill-defined margin

  • Papules, vesicles and more rarely large blisters.

  • Exudation and cracking.

  • Scaling.

  • Lichenification, a dry leathery thickening with increased skin markings, is secondary to rubbing and scratching.

  • Fissures and scratch marks.

  • Pigmentation.

Herbal Remedies

Babul :
Babul is an excellent remedy for eczema .The bark of the babul tree is useful in the treatment of eczema. About 25 gms each of this bark and mango bark should be boiled in about 1 litre of water and the vapours allowed to foment the affected part. After the fomentation, the affected part should be anointed with ghee.

The seeds, ground and mixed with lemon juice, can be daubed on dhobi's itch - an eczema-type of skin disorder, characterized by itching. 

A hot poultice of the seeds is a popular household remedy for skin disorder like eczema. Equal parts of linseed oil and lime water mixed together is an effective remedy for eczema and herpes.

The leaves of madhuca are effective in the treatment of eczema. The leaves, smeared with sesame oil, warmed over a fire and bandaged on the affected parts provide relief. They should be changes after every 3 to 4 hours.

Neem :
The leaves, applied externally, are very useful in eczema and any type of skin diseases. They can be used either as a poultice, decoction or liniment.


  • Salt intake should be reduced. Sour items including pickles and curd are strictly prohibited. 
  • Bitter and neem flowers are useful. Turmeric is perhaps the best as it can be applied internally as well as externally also.

Life style: 

Patients need to cleaned daily with warm water boiled with neem bark. After cleaning the paste of the bark should be applied over it and allowed to dry. Patients are not allowed to have any spicy and oily food. Patients need to avoid the hot, humid temperature and should kept free from any tight clothing. Nylons, terylenes and other synthetic fibers should be avoided as the inhibit evaporation of perspiration.

Yoga to cure Eczema: 

Ayurvedic Supplements :

Neem Guard
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Raktasodhak Bati
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