Our immune system is a complex network of cells, tissues and
organs that work together to defend against germs. It helps our
body to recognize these foreign invaders and its main job is to
keep them out, or if it can't, to find and destroy them.
If our immune system cannot do its job, the results can be
Disorders of the immune system include:
- Allergy and asthma - immune responses to substances that
are usually not harmful
- Immune deficiency diseases - disorders in which the immune
system is missing one or more of its parts
- Autoimmune diseases - diseases causing your immune system
to attack your own body's cells and tissues by mistake
There are three types of immunity which protects our body from
Innate immunity - this type of immunity is present at birth and
provides the first barrier against microorganisms which causes
infections. Everyone is born with innate (or natural) immunity,
a type of general protection that humans have.
Adaptive Immunity - it is the second barrier to infections and
acquired later in life as - immunity after an immunization.
Passive immunity is "borrowed" from another source and it lasts
for a short time. For example, antibodies in a mother's breast
milk provide an infant with temporary immunity to diseases that
the mother has been exposed to. This can help protect the infant
against infection during the early years of childhood.
Everyone's immune system is different. Some people never seem to
get infections, whereas others seem to be sick all the time. As
a person gets older, he or she usually becomes immune to more
germs as the immune system comes into contact with more and more
of them. That's why adults and teens tend to get fewer colds
than children - their bodies have learned to recognize and
immediately attack many of the viruses that cause colds.
The lymph, or lymphatic, system is a major part of the immune
system. It's a network of lymph nodes and vessels. Lymphatic
vessels are thin tubes that branch, like blood vessels, into all
the tissues of the body. They carry a clear fluid called lymph.
Lymph contains tissue fluid, waste products, and immune system
cells. Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped clumps of immune
system cells that are connected by lymphatic vessels. They
contain white blood cells that trap viruses, bacteria, and other
invaders, including cancer cells.
White blood cells are the cells of the immune system. They
are made in one of your lymph organs, the bone marrow. Other
lymph organs include the spleen and thymus.
The higher mortality rate is observed due to
AIDS, it is the best example of immune disorders.
In Ayurved it is known as Byadhikshamata "OJA", and described
two types as Par and Apar Oja.
Disorders of the immune system include:
Symptoms of Lack of Immunity
Recurrent infections from cold & cough
Lack of energy without any pathology
Easily trapped by diseases
Less power to fight against diseases
Easily tiered and over stressed
Herbs which is useful :
Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum):
uses two words, apetarakshasi
to give emphasis to the bactericidal property of tulsi
The word, bhutaghni, in Sanskrit means
"bactericidal." Bhuta, in Ayurveda, means
bugs that you can't see (such as microbes), and it can also
mean spirits (which are hidden pests as well). The word, apetarakshasi,
also means "bactericidal." Rakshasa is
another name for bugs in Ayurveda.
in particular is a very good herb because it has both
anti-viral and anti-bacterial properties. It can boost one’s
immunity and also rejuvenate after a bout of illness. Not only
can it help boost your immunity level, but also help you
recover faster. The Ocimum sanctum L. has also been suggested
to possess antifertility, anticancer, antidiabetic, antifungal,
antimicrobial, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, antiemetic,
antispasmodic, analgesic, adaptogenic and diaphoretic actions.
Amla (Phyllanthus emblica)
Amla , or Indian gooseberry, is a popular fruit that has long
been valued for its rejuvenating properties, according to
traditional Ayurveda. Preliminary evidence suggests that amla
may help boost the immune response, presumably due to its
vitamin C content.
Amla also offers wide health benefits and mainly a preventive
role in almost every health disorder. Benefits of Indian
Gooseberry can be attributed to its properties as antioxidant,
anti inflammatory agent, anti-microbial and gastro intestinal
tonic. It helps in preventing cardiovascular diseases,
diabetes, scurvy, reducing cholesterol, high
, asthma and enhance iron absorption.
Amla finds immense benefits for hair growth and skin care.
Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia):
The plant is used in Ayurvedic rasayanas to
improve the immune
and the body's resistance to infections. The bitter principle
shows antiperiodic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and
properties. Stem decoction for oral use. Giloy is helpful for
counteracting infection and promoting resistance to illness.
It is also helpful in the treatment of fever, rheumatism, gout
and jaundice. It is also useful in the case of bird flu and
Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)
Ashwagandha is one of the main herbs for promoting ojas and
rejuvenating the body. It is a well known semen promoter and
it treats impotency and infertility. It increases physical
endurance and improves sexual function.
The strong anti stress properties include both mental and
physical stress and exhaustion. Furthermore, this test
indicates the low order of toxicity of the plant, supporting
the Ayurvedic view that it is safe for long-term consumption.
It has also exhibited antibacterial and anti fungal activities
in a raw or unprocessed state and it has antibiotic effects. It is used in many general tonics and
preparations, such as Baidyanath Chavanaprash.
Neem (Azadirachta indica):
It is used in Ayurveda for skin disorders, pimples, diabetes,
tumours, obesity, arthritis, viral fevers, jaundice and as a
blood purifier. In order to increase immunity of the body,
neem leaves are also taken internally in the form of neem
capsules or made into a tea. The tea is traditionally taken
internally to reduce fever caused by malaria. This tea is
extremely bitter. It is also used to soak feet for treating
various foot fungi. It has also been reported to work against
termites. In Ayurveda, neem leaves are used in curing
neuromuscular pains. Chewing of 8-10 neem leaves early in the
morning for twenty-four days protects the body from diseases
like diabetes and hypertension. The body also becomes immune
to skin problems by this medication.
Diet that helps :
Patients should drink fresh water, milk , buttermilk, sugar
cane juice and easily digestible foods.
Some useful foods / fruits in boosting immune system:
Foods High in Vitamin C like citrus fruits and juices
(such as orange and grapefruit), broccoli, strawberries.
- Foods High in Vitamin E like almonds, sunflower seeds, peanut
- Foods High in Zinc like cashews, peas
- Foods High in Carotenoids like carrots, papaya, mango
One should follow his own consense & follow the right path.
To keep your immune system healthy, it's important to get
sufficient sleep, exercise regularly, and manage your stress.