Topic of the Month
Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how
your body uses blood glucose, commonly called blood sugar.
Glucose is vital to your health because it's an important source
of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues.
It's also your brain's main source of fuel. If you have
diabetes, no matter what type, it means you have too much
glucose in your blood, although the reasons may differ.
`Madhumeha' in Ayurveda, its incidence is
higher amongst the older and the obese. Originating from an
absolute or relative lack of insulin, it gives way to
abnormalities in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and
fat in the body. Characterised by abnormally high levels of
blood glucose and its subsequent excretion through urine.
Over time, diabetes can lead to blindness, kidney failure, and
nerve damage. These types of damage are the result of damage to
small vessels, referred to as microvascular disease. Diabetes is
also an important factor in accelerating the hardening and
narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis), leading to strokes,
coronary heart disease, and other large blood vessel diseases.
This is referred to as macrovascular disease.
Constant feeling of hunger and thirst.
Quick exhaustion. Drowsiness. Low sexual urge.
Possible anemia, constipation, itching around
genital organs, palpitation.
Slow healing of wounds.
Overeating and consequent obesity
Excessive intake of sugar and refined
Overloading of proteins and fats which get
converted into sugar if taken in excess.
Excessive tension, worry, anxiety & grief
Type 1 Vs Type 2
Type 1 Diabetes (juvenile Diabetes) is
generally seen in Children and young adults. It is an autoimmune
disease in which the body attacks its own cell, resulting in
complete lack of insulin in the body.
Type 2 Diabetes (Adult onset Diabetes) is a metabolic disorder
and the body does not generate sufficient insulin.
Although Type 1 Diabetes patients are more prone to diabetic
complications than Type 2, a study published in Diabetes care,
which assessed 470 patients with Type 1 Diabetes and 354
patients with Type 2 (age 15-30 years), showed that patients who
got Type 2 Diabetes at a younger age were at a higher risk of
death with compared with Type 1
Despite equivalent glucose control the prevalence of albuminuria
(marker of kidney disease) and heart disease was higher in
patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Neuropathy (nerve damage)
and macrovascular complications were also higher in patients
with Type 2 Diabetes at a younger age is associated with higher
death rates, Diabetes complications and heart diseases as
compared to type 1 Diabetes patients. Therefore, Diabetes
whether Type1 or Type 2 should be carefully monitored to improve
one's quality of life.
Other type of Diabetes :
Diabetes can occur temporarily during
pregnancy, and reports suggest that it occurs in 2% to 10% of
all pregnancies. Significant hormonal changes during pregnancy
can lead to blood sugar elevation in genetically predisposed
individuals. Blood sugar elevation during pregnancy is called
gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes usually resolves once
the baby is born. However, 35% to 60% of women with gestational
diabetes will eventually develop type 2 diabetes over the next
10 to 20 years, especially in those who require insulin during
pregnancy and those who remain overweight after their delivery.
"Secondary" diabetes refers to
elevated blood sugar levels from another medical condition.
Secondary diabetes may develop when the pancreatic tissue
responsible for the production of insulin is destroyed by
disease, such as chronic pancreatitis (inflammation of the
pancreas by toxins like excessive alcohol), trauma, or surgical
removal of the pancreas.
Diabetes can also result from other hormonal disturbances,
such as excessive growth hormone production (acromegaly) and
Cushing's syndrome. In acromegaly, a pituitary gland tumor at
the base of the brain causes excessive production of growth
hormone, leading to hyperglycemia. In Cushing's syndrome, the
adrenal glands produce an excess of cortisol, which promotes
blood sugar elevation.
Again, Blood glucose is essential for the proper functioning of
brain cells. Therefore, low blood sugar can lead to central
nervous system symptoms such as:
- weakness, and
Herbs which is useful :
Gurmar Leaves (Gymnema Sylvestre )
Its common name is "sugar destroyer", because chewing the leaves
destroys the ability to discriminate the sweetness of foods. The
primary clinical application for this botanical is as an
Gymnema's anti-diabetic activity appears to be due to a
combination of mechanisms. It appears to greatly increase the
number of insulin-secreting beta cells in the pancreas, while
returning blood sugar levels to near normal. It increases the
activity of enzymes responsible for glucose uptake and utilization.
The leaves of the Gymnema sylvestre plant
contain gymnemic acids, which have been shown to slow the
transport of glucose from the intestines to the bloodstream. This,
in turn, helps to:
- Lower blood sugar
- Lower hemoglobin A1c
Neem (Azadirachta indica)
Neem can be helpful in Kapha and Pitta conditions but may
exacerbate Vata problems. Neem being bitter, stomachic,
antipruritic, tonic and revitaliser works wonders in this disease.
Neem leaf is a traditional herb for treating diabetes and has been
scientifically proven effective in treating and preventing
diabetes. One tablespoon ( 5 ml) of Neem leaves juice taken daily
in morning on empty stomach for 3 months is helpful in diabetes.
10 Neem leaves chewed or powder taken daily in morning also
Karela (Momordica charantia)
bitter gourd is specifically used as a folk medicine for diabetes.
The juice of karela with seeds or the cooked vegetable is
beneficial for diabetics. This helps to reduce sugar levels in the
blood as well as in the urine. If you choose to have this drink,
it is advisable to do so on an empty stomach or before meals.
Several researches proved that it contains a hypoglycaemic or
insulin-like principle, designated as 'plant-insulin', which has
been found highly beneficial in lowering the blood and urine sugar
Nayantatra (Vinca rosa)
plant has recently been shown to be an effective treatment for
Chewed, the fresh leaves alleviate toothache. As a poultice,
periwinkle relieves piles and ulcerated skin. The fresh stem
alleviates cramp when split and applied to the affected part. But
it's primary treatment in diabetes and there is evidence of anti-tumour
Lifestyle Solutions :
Lifestyle: Don't indulge in day-time sleep.
Should take care not to injure yourself as you
take time to heal. As a result, there is a possibility of the
wound becoming septic.
Should take adequate eye care as the disease
in serious condition might affect the eye.
If you are afflicted by any other disease, you
should take prompt actions since you lack resistance.
When you got your diabetes diagnosis, you
probably thought immediately about your weight, your diet,
your sugar levels—a million different things. What would
happen to your sex life probably wasn't high on the list. But
maybe it should be. Yep, that's right: What's going on with
your blood sugar can have a huge impact on how you feel
between the sheets—and, you guessed it, not in a good way.
The good news is that once you understand how to deal with the
symptoms that may be putting a damper on your bedroom
adventures, you can boost your sexual satisfaction big time.
Avoid sugar in any form-rice, potato, banana,
cereals & fruits containing high percentage of sugar content.
Do away with fatty stuff.
Go for the following low-calorie, low-fat
alkaline diet of high quality natural foods.
Seeds: Paslane seeds .Seeds of bitter
gourd & Fenugreek
Vegetables: Bitter Gourd, string beans,
cucumber, onion, garlic
Fruits: Indian Gooseberry, Jambul Fruit, Grape
Grains: Bengal gram, black gram.
Dairy Products: Home-made cottage cheese and
various forms of soured milk such as curd and butter milk.
Emphasis should be on raw vegetables & herbs as
they play a part in stimulating the pancreas and enhancing
Ayurvedic Supplements :