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Safed Musli 

Indian Name :  Safed Musli
Botanical Name : Chlorophytum borivilianum
Family:  Liliaceae
Parts Use:  Root, rhizomes


They grow to 1060 cm tall, with a rosette of long, slender leaves 1575 cm long and 0.52 cm broad, growing from a thick, fleshy rhizome. The flowers are small, usually white, produced on sparse panicles up to 120 cm long; in some species the panicle also bears plantlets, which take root on touching the ground.

Cultivation :  

Safed Musli requires well drained loamy to sandy loam soils rich in organic matter. Warm and humid climatic condition with good amount of soil moisture during the growing season favour luxuriant vegetative growth and facilitate fleshy root development.

Nursery Raising and Planting :
It could be propagated through seeds as well as by vegetative means (root-stock bearing buds or growing points).

By seeds:
The seeds are black in colour and with angular edges. It take 12-16 days to sprout. The seeds should be sown in a very well prepared seed bed which is heavily manured by using FYM or leaf litter in the first or second week of June and adequate moisture should be continuously maintained during absence of rain in early part of the season. The seedlings can be transplanted in the field during the next Kharif season only at 30x15 cm spacing because the development of plants as well as roots by means of seeds in the first year is not vigorous enough as compared the vegetatively propagated plants.

Vegetative propagation:
The initiation of sprouts of fleshy roots starts in mid May but sometimes it could be as early as the last week of April in stored material. In the forest seedlings emerge out from the ground within 4-6 days after receipt of rains. However, for the purpose of raising plants in the field either the sprouted seedlings should be collected from the forest between 10 to 30 days after receipt of rains and transplanted in the field or fleshy root bunches should be taken out from the ground or storage place in mid of May.

Even a small, 1 cm long and slightly shrinken fleshy roots or root stocks has a capacity to reproduce into new plants. These fleshy roots sprout from second week of May to second week of June. The sprouted fleshy propagules should be planted in the field in first or second week of June, followed by irrigation.

The practice of planting on top of the ridges of 15-20 cm height at a row distance of 30x15 cm is found adequate for obtaining commercial yield. It is estimated that 250-300 kg of root stocks will be required for planting one ha land. Safed Musli could be easily intercropped in between maize rows.

Manure and Fertiliser :
The use of 10-15 ton of FYM/ha provide good nutrient status to the substratum for supporting healthy plant growth.

Irrigation :
The crop may be sown after receipt of rains. If there is no rains after sowing of fleshy root propagules and its transplanting then one irrigation be provided immediately. Later, when soil moisture get reduced in the fields, irrigation may be done after 10 to 15 days interval.

Weeding :
One to two weeding-cum-hoeings are needed to keep the soil porous and free of weedy growth.

Harvesting / Post-Harvesting :

The crop matures in about 90 days under cultivation. At maturity the leaves start yellowing and ultimately dry up from the collar part and fall down. The crop could thus be harvested when leaves have dried which occurs in the months of September/October. During digging of plants, fleshy root bunches should be lifted form the soil.
The harvested fleshy roots are cleaned and skin is removed. The white musalitubers obtained are dried spread in the shade for about 4-7 days to dry-out its moisture. Climatic conditions for growth

Purchase Advice : The Best time to buy this herb :

December to January

Benefits of Safed Musli

  • Safed musli is a very popular aphrodisiac agent, with no side effects. It is often prescribed for enhancing male potency and overcoming signs of fatigue. It is particularly used for individuals with low sperm count and low libido.
  • It is also regarded as an energy booster in asthmatic conditions. The roots of the herb are also used to strengthen the general immune system of the body.
  • The tuber roots of the plant have been used since ancient times, to prepare nutritive tonic for sexual weakness and is used in Ayurvedic medicines even today.
  • Safed musli proves useful as a nutritive tonic for both the mother and the fetus, during pregnancy and is also used to replenish the body fluids during the post-partum stage.
  • The herb improves the quantity and flow of breast milk, in feeding mothers.
  • It has many health promotional benefits. It is used to control and prevent obesity and its side effects.
  • The activities of vitamin C and antioxidant enzymes are also enhanced by the use of this plant species.
  • Research has indicated that the plant species is used for curing diabetes and arthritic conditions.
  • Safed musli is also beneficial in the treatment of natal and postnatal problems.
  • Its regular use causes increase in the level of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL or good cholesterol) and decrease in the plasma and hepatic lipid profiles.
  • Apart from rejuvenating the reproductive system, the herb prevents premature ejaculation and is also used in chronic leucorrhoea.

Quality of Safed Musli :

  • Special

  • No. 1

  • Average

For bulk purchase of the above qualities :
Please send us an email mentioning the quantity you require and your delivery destination at

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