Indian Name : Indian
Botanical Name : Santalum album
Parts Use: Bark, Wood, Oil
The height of the evergreen tree is between 4 and 9
metres. They may live to one hundred years of age. The
tree is variable in habit, usually upright to sprawling,
and may intertwine with other species. The plant
parasitises the roots of other tree species, with a
haustorium adaptation on its own roots, but without major
detriment to its hosts. An individual will form a
non-obligate relationship with a number of other plants.
Up to 300 species (including its own) can host the tree's
development - supplying macronutrients phosphorus,
nitrogen and potassium, and shade - especially during
early phases of development. It may propagate itself
through wood suckering during its early development,
establishing small stands. The reddish or brown bark can
be almost black and is smooth in young trees, becoming
cracked with a red reveal. The heartwood is pale green to
white as the common name indicates. The leaves are thin,
opposite and ovate to lanceolate in shape. Glabrous
surface is shiny and bright green, with a glaucous pale
reverse. Fruit is produced after three years, viable seeds
after five. These seeds are distributed by birds.
Soil : Trees
growing in hand, rocky, ferruginous, soils are rich in oil
than those growing on fertile tract.
Climate : It grows
best between attitudes of 700 to 1100m though it may go up
to 1500m and descend as low as 300m.
Seed beds of 3 ½ ft. width and 30ft length are
prepared with one part sand and 2part mud and one part dry
cowdung. The seeds are spread uniformly over the bed
covered with 1cm of sand and watered and mulehed with
straw. The straws are removed when it starts to germinate.
2.5kg of seeds are required for l acre of land. To prevent
fungal infection the beds are sprayed with 0.25% Dithane
every 20 days. Application of 0.02% Ekalux in once in
every month will avoid attach of nematode.
Seedling when they are 3 to 5 levies stage they are
transplanted to poly bags 12 inches x 6 inches which
contain 1 part cowdung, 2 part sand, 1 part red soil mixed
together. Two seeds of redgram is planted into each poly
bags. The redgram will be the host. The host plants are
pruned periodically to check their growth. To avoid
Nematode attack 2 gm of furdan is also applied poly bags.
Healthy plants having a height of 1 feet are planted into
pits of 60cm size at a spacing of loft into loft at the
onset of monsoon.
In each pit along with sandal wood a hest plant is
planted like cassurina Acacia. The host plants are pruned
periodically to make maximum sunlight available to sandal
tree. To get maximum heartwood side branches of the lower
half of the main stem are removed.
Sandal wood tree starts to flower as early at the age of 3
to 4 years. The heart wood commences when the tree is
between 30 to 70 years of age attaining to 50 to 75% of
growth. The matured trees are uprooted and small branches
are removed. Branches with heart woods are collected and
Advice : The Best
time to buy this herb :
December to January
of Safed Chandan
the sandalwood and the essential oil have been used in
Ayurveda for many centuries. The wood is bitter, sedative,
cooling and a cardiac tonic. It is useful in arresting
secretion or bleeding and in promoting the flow of urine.
Moreover, sandalwood oil is a stimulant and an antiseptic.
It has a soothing effect on the skin and mucous membrances.
Genito-Urinary Disorders : Both
sandalwood as well as the vital oil extracted from it has
effectual antiseptic properties that are very beneficial
in healing disorders relating to the urinary and genital
organs like cystitis or inflammation of the urinary
bladder and gonorrhea, sexually transmitted diseases that
leads to swelling and irritation of the genital mucous
organs. Its efficacy can be increased by the addition of
Ajwainark or infusion of ginger.
Diseases :An emulsion or a paste of the wood is
a cooling dressing in inflammatory and eruptive skin
diseases such as erysipelas, an inflammatory diseases of
the face and prurigo, an itchy eruption. The oil is useful
for scabies too. This oil mixed with twice its quantity of
mustard oil is used for removing pimples. In summer,
regular application of sandalwood paste on the body,
especially for children, has a refreshing effect, which
heals any tiny infected spots.
Prickly Heat :Sandalwood
paste is a popular household remedy for prickly heat. It
prevents excessive sweating and heals inflamed skin. Dry
sandalwood power can be mixed in rose water and applied
over parts where there is profuse sweating.
Gastric Irritability : Sandalwood
is valuable in gastric irritability. About 22 grams of a
water emulsion of the wood mixed with sugar, honey and
rice water should be administered in the treatment of such
Dysentery : Sandalwood
is also beneficial in the treatment of dysentery. It
should be administered as for gastric irritability.
: Sandalwood paste applied on the
temple relieves headache and bring down the temperature in
Quality of Safed Chandan :
For bulk purchase
of the above qualities :
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