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Indian Name :  Haldi
Botanical Name : Curcuma longa
Family:  Zingiberaceae
Parts Use:  Root, rhizomes 


Turmeric is dried root that grows about 2 feet in length. The turmeric plant is about 3 feet long with funnel-shaped yellow flowers. Turmeric is bright yellow in color. It has an earthy aromatic and spicy fragrance with slightly bitter flavor. Turmeric is an important spice in India having great religious significance.

Cultivation :  

Land preparation

While preparing the land, minimum tillage operations may be adopted. Beds of 15 cm height,1 m width and of convenient length may be prepared giving at least 50 cm spacing between beds. In the case of the irrigated crop, ridges and furrows are prepared and the rhizomes are planted in shallow pits on the top of the ridges. Spacing generally adopted is 45-60 cm between the ridges and 15-20 cm between the plants. Solarisation of beds is beneficial in checking the multiplication of pests and diseases causing organisms. The polythene sheets used for soil solarisation should be kept away safely after the work is completed.

Planting material

Carefully preserved seed rhizomes free from pests and diseases which are collected from organically cultivated farms should be used for planting. However, to begin with seed material from high yielding local varieties may be used in the absence of organically produced seeds. For sowing, both the mother - rhizomes and fingers are used. The fingers are cut into 4 - 5 cm long pieces, and the mother rhizomes are planted as such or split into two; each having at least one sound bud. The seed is sometimes sprouted under moist straw before sowing.  


At the time of planting 25 g powdered neem cake mix well with soil is applied in each pit taken at a spacing of 20-25 cm within and between rows. Seed rhizomes may be put in shallow pits and covered with well rotten cattle manure or compost mixed with Trichoderma (10 gm compost inoculated with Tricoderma). A seed rate of 1000 kg rhizomes is required for planting one acre of land. As an intercrop in a fruit-garden seed rate may be as low as 125 - 200 kg per acre. Turmeric can be planted during April-July with the receipt of pre monsoon showers

Climatic conditions for growth

Turmeric requires a warm and humid climate. It can be grown in diverse tropical conditions from sea level to 1500mm above MSL within a temperature range of 20-30C with a rainfall of 1500 mm or more per annum or under irrigated conditions. Though turmeric thrives in different types of soil ranging from light black loam, red soils to clayey loams, rich loamy soils having natural drainage and irrigation facilities are the best. Turmeric cannot stand water stagnation or alkalinity.

Turmeric can be cultivated organically as an intercrop along with other crops provided that all the companion crops are also organically grown. In some areas, turmeric is grown as an intercrop with mango, jack and litchi and on the west coast with coconut and are canut.

Often castor and pigeon pea are planted on the borders and on irrigation channels to provide shade

Purchase Advice : The Best time to buy this herb :

February to March

Benefits of Haldi / Turmeric


  • Apply bit of turmeric on cuts and scrapes after washing them with cold water.
  • Take 1 tsp turmeric powder with hot milk.
  • Make a bandage of the following things and apply on the wound: mix 4 tsp flour, 2 tsp turmeric powder, 1tsp pur ghee, 1/2 tsp sendha namak (non refined salt) with water.
  • Take 500 ml of water and boil it with 1 tsp sendha namak and 1 tsp turmeric powder. Give fomentation to the bruised part with a cloth soaked in this water. This will help get rid of pain and swelling in that region.
  • Dusting turmeric powder on wounds also helps in relieving the pain and swelling.

  • Apply the paste of turmeric and sesame oil on body to prevent eruptions.
  • To avoid any kind of skin problems apply turmeric paste before a bath.
  • To cure itching take roasted turmeric with jaggery.
  • To eliminate freckles and spots rub ground turmeric on stone with the help of water and then apply this paste on skin.
  • You can also make a paste of ground turmeric with milk of banyan or pipal and soak it overnight and then apply it for 1 hour before bath. This will help in removing freckles and also give glow to the face.
  • Make a pudding of 2 tsp flour with 1 tsp ghee and 1 tsp turmeric, 2 tsp sugar and 1 cup water and take this in the morning it will halp in curing Utricaria.

  • To get instant relief from acidity take turmeric powder and salt in equal quantity with warm water.
  • Taking curd or butter milk with turmeric after lunch cures digestive problems.
  • Grind 4 gms turmeric, 4 gms dried ginger, 2 gms black pepper and 2 gms cardomom and take this mixture after meals this will aid digestion and will eliminate flatulence.

  • Turmeric help in minimizing liver damages caused by taking excess alcohol regularly or using pain-killer.

  • Turmeric help relieve wound inflammation and in treating arthritis.

  • Turmeric helps in reducing cholesterol

Quality of Gokshura :

  • Erode finger

For bulk purchase of the above qualities :
Please send us an email mentioning the quantity you require and your delivery destination at

Other Ayurvedic Products which also contain Gokshura :

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Haldi/ Turmeric Powder
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Neem Haldi Chandan Soap
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