chronic diseases and risk factors for them are associated with
physical inactivity. Regular exercise, in addition to diet
change and medicine is suggested to lessen symptoms and improve
the wellbeing of individuals with chronic diseases such as
obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular heart disease,
cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis and chronic fatigue syndrome.
from diet modification, physical exercise greatly reduces the
risk of almost all chronic diseases simultaneously. Studies have
proven that chronic diseases are not so prevalent in societies
where physical work is a regular part of life.
Physical exercise and activity promotes health and
wellbeing. Recommendation for healthy adults from 18 to 65 years
is 30 minutes of moderate exercise, primarily aerobic, five days
a week as an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Steady and
rhythmic exercise like walking, running, jogging, swimming,
cycling and dancing are forms of aerobic exercise.
oxygen uptake by increasing heart output and the ability
of the muscles to use oxygen from the blood.
Tones up circulation, removes clots in blood vessels so that the heart
functions more efficiently.
Improves insulin sensitivity, blood sugar control and reduces
intra-abdominal fatty tissue in patients with type 2
diabetes, even without weight loss.
Reduces blood pressure by widening arteries, increasing circulation to
muscles and skin. Exercise also improves kidney function
contributing to the body’s ability to remove excess
Increases HDL or good cholesterol and reduces LDL or bad cholesterol in
the blood, especially if you lose fat around the waist and
Promotes weight loss and weight control.
Reduces incidence of cancer and improves the survival of cancer patients,
particularly in patients with breast and colorectal
Helps to stimulate bone formation and retain calcium in load-bearing
bones. It helps to increase muscle strength, coordination
and balance, and decreases likelihood of falls in the
elderly, thereby improving quality of life in patients
In arthritis patients, regular exercise can keep muscles around affected
joints strong; in addition, it reduces bone loss and
controls joint swelling and pain.
Boosts the immune system.
Promotes relaxation and increases core body temperature, thereby
improving sleep efficiency and quality.