(Dash) fold (Bidha) Examination (Pariksha)
to the patient.
body constitution, pathological state, tissue vitality, physical
build, body measurement, adaptability, psychic constitution, capacities
for digestion & exercise and age.
Constitution (prakriti) :
by relative predominance of doshas during foetal development
the prakriti can be any of vatika, paittika, kaphaja,
vata paittika, vata kaphaja, pitta kaphaja or samdoshaja.
State (vikruti) :
to the biological history of the diseases in its entirety, it
enables physicians to consider the signs & symptoms of the
disease in order to assess the strength of the disease, the causes,
the doshas, the affected body elements, body constitution,
time and strength of an individual.
Tissue Vitality (sara) :
speaking, there are seven vital tissues, namely lymph (rasa),
blood (rakta), muscle (mamsa), adipose (meda), bone (asthi), bone
marrow (majja) and reproductive tissue (sukra).
in the skin is assessed by its smoothness, softness, clearness,
thinness and whether the skin is covered with short, deep rooted
and delicate hair.
of blood in body is evaluated from the condition of the eyes,
mouth, tongue, lips, nails and soles of the feet.
muscles are in perfect condition, the temples, forehead, nape
of the neck, shoulders, belly, arms, chest, joints of the body,
jaws and cheeks are covered firmly with the skin.
with healthy adipose tissue have oily skin and healthy hair, nails,
voice and teeth.
health of bones is determined by pliable but firm forearms, chin,
nails, teeth, ankles, knees and other joints of the body.
bone marrow leads to good complexion and stout, long, round &
in whom the semen is perfectly healthy, are strong and cheerful.
Physical Build (samhanana) :
examination is carried out by direct perception a healthy
body being well- built with symmetrical bones, strong & stable
joints and enough flesh & blood.
Body Measurement (pramana) :
In Ayurveda, body measurement is given in terms of finger
breadth and any person in close proximity to the ideal measurements
is termed as normal and healthy.
Adaptibility (satmya) :
substances intrinsic to the body, it refers to two types of people
- those that are strong, adjust easily to difficulties and have
excellent digestive capacity and those that are generally weak,
intolerant to change and can have only few food options.
Psychic Constitution (satwa) :
Refers to the mind which controls the body in contact with the
soul (atma). Depending on degree of mental strength, it is considered
to be high, moderate or low. To know more about your body type, click here.
Digestive Capacity (ahara sakti) :
has to be judged from the individuals capacity to ingest
and digest food substances.
Capacity for Exercise
(vyayama shakti) :
by capacity for hard work, it is either low, moderate or high.
Age (vaya) :
categorised into childhood, middle age and old age, it provides
vital clues for the diagnosis & treatment and is a must consideration
in clinical examinations.
in Ayurveda| Diagnosis Process
Three Fold Examination
| Eight Fold Examination | Ten