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Bhumi Amla 

Indian Name :  Bhumi Amlaki
Botanical Name : Phyllanthus niruri
Family:  Euphorbiacea
Parts Use:  Whole plant


Phyllanthus niruri is an annual herb which grows in the wild after first showers of monsoon in Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, etc. states of India. However, it has also been reported to grow commonly in coastal areas. In Indian states it usually grows during second week of June and starts bearing fruits up to mid July or August. It remains in the wild up to the end of the rainy season. However, under safe conditions it can grow and survive upto mid- winter.

Bhumi  amla is a small erect annual herb that grows 30 -40 cm in height. It is indigenous to the rainforests of the Amazon and other  tropical  areas throughout the world, including the Bahamas, southern India and China. P.niruri  is quite prevalent in the Amazon and other wet rain forests, growing and spreading freely ( much like  a weed ).

Cultivation :  

It originated in India as a Winter weed through out the hotter parts of India . Phyllanthus means "leaf and flower" because the flower and the  fruit seem to be united with the leaf. The plant grows abundantly throughout India up to 700 m altitude during rainy season, however, with less frequency in southern part of the country. Small erect annual herb 10-60 cm tall. Leaves small elliptic-oblong; flowers, whitish-green & minute.

Agri practices : It is a small erect annual herb 10-60 cm tall widespread in tropical areas. Leaves are small elliptical - oblong and flowers are whitish green & minute. It bears ascending herbaceous branches. The bark is smooth and light green. The fruits are tiny, smooth capsules containing seeds.
Bhumyamalaki is a circum-tropical weed, thriving well under tropical conditions. In India, it grows abundantly up to 700m altitude in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Soil & Climate : It is well adapted to variety of soils at pH ranging from alkaline to neutral and acidic. Plant shows preference for calcareous well drained and light textured soils. Plant does not grow properly under shade. It grows under semi-temperate to tropical conditions and under high rainfall. However, the plant rarely survives under dry or very low temperature conditions. Water logging does not show any lethal effect on this crop.

Land Preparation :The nursery beds are well prepared. FYM is mixed with top soil layer while preparing the beds.

Propagation :The plants are propagated through seeds. About 1 kg seed is required for seedlings to transplant in 1 ha land. The seeds are mixed with dry soil or sand to allow uniform distribution of seeds on the nursery bed. A thin layer of soil is spread to cover the nursery beds. Appropriate moisture is maintained in the beds till the seeds have germinated. Sowing in April-May gives higher seed germination and good yield. The seedlings, 15-30 old, which are about 10 cm tall, are transplanted at a spacing of 15x15 cm. Irrigation soon after transplanting ensures good establishment of the seedlings.

Fertilizer : Organic manures are preferred. The crop does not have any specific requirement for N, P and K. However FYM or nitrogenous fertilizers applied in appropriate quantities result in better growth and higher herb yield.

Irrigation :No irrigation is required in rainy season but if there are no rainfalls irrigation at an interval of 15 days should be given. Water logging is not a problem for this crop.

Weed control :Regular hand weeding every month is required to keep the field weed free.

Pest control :No serious pests and diseases have been recorded on this crop.

Harvesting : Plants should be harvested in September after the completion of rainy season when they are still green in colour and herbaceous. At this time the concentration of active constituents in the leaves as well as the quantity of leaves are at highest. The leaves are dried in sun.

Purchase Advice : The Best time to buy this herb :

July to August

Benefits of Bhumi Amla : 

The scientists across the world have been attracted towards the anti- viral properties of Phyllanthus niruri. The extract of the plant has been found to cure even acute inflammation of liver. As such it is justified that the extract of this plant can cure Hepatitis caused by viruses of Hepatitis A, and Hepatitis B. The extract of this plant has been found to be clinically effective in the Viral Hepatitis B along current parameters. It is due to the anti-viral properties that experiments on P. niruri are going on across the world today, and scientists hope that the plant may also be helpful in the treatment of AIDS. The extract of the plant has been proved to be non-toxic by researchers from the different parts of the world. Current researches on the chemical analysis of the extract of this plant show that its leaves contain Lignansniranthin, Nirtetralin, and phyltetralin chemical compounds. The seeds of this plant contain Ricinoleic acid, Linoleic acid, and Linolenic acid (54%). Fisetin-4-0-glucoside, a new Flavon glycoside has been isolated from the aerial parts of this plant.

  • It prevents from jaundice, diabetes, dyspepsia, ulcers, sores, swellings, ophthalmia and chronic dysentry.
  • Whole plant is useful for the treatment of some forms of gonorrhoea, dropsy, menorrhagia and other genitor –urinary affections of a similar type.
  • A poultice of the leaves mixed with salt cures itch and other skin affections.
  • It is bitter, astringent, cold, anti inflammatory, hepatoprotective and useful in liver disorders, cough, asthma, jaundice, spleen disorders.
  • Phyllanthus may help decrease the amount of hepatitis B virus found in the blood stream.

Quality of Bhumi Amla  :

  • No specific quality

For bulk purchase of the above qualities :
Please send us an email mentioning the quantity you require and your delivery destination at

Other Ayurvedic Products which also contain Bhumi Amla :

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