Indian Name : Bhringraj
Botanical Name : Eclipta alba
Parts Use: Leaves
Bhringaraj is a creeping and
moisture-loving herb. It has a short, flat or round stem
and small white flowers on a long stalk. It grows
3" tall; the leaves are opposite and lance shaped.
The roots of the pant are well developed, cylindrical
and grayish in color. Floral heads are solitary, white
in color, achene compressed, narrowly winged and 6-8 mm
in diameter. The plant grows commonly in moist places
all over the world, as a weed.
It can be grown in any type of soil but it prefers red
loamy soil, with little moisture.
Land preparation for
First the field should be flooded with water or sprinkler
so that all the weeds germinate. It should be continue for
20 to 30 days or start at rainy season .Remove all the
weeds first. The field should be ploughed first and kept
dry for 10 days so as all the weeds die out .Then apply
150Kg of rock phosphate for 1 acre.
Nursery Techniques for Eclipta
How seeds have to be raised
Nursery beds of 6 inches height 3 feet and breadth 30 feet
length. Mix two part sand, one part red soil, and one
part cow dung (dry). Mix the three items together and
make a bed of the above height and size.
The seeds are sown in rows about 6cm to 10 cm gently cover
the seeds with soil. Water this by rose can.
They will be ready within 60 days for transplantation.
Vegetative propagation :
By using terminal buds of length of 5cm try best with out
flowers. It can be planted in well prepared beds as above
(seed beds) or nursery bags. The plants will be ready for
transplanting within 30 to 45 days. Before planting the
plants to main field water the field over night. Make
small pits of 15×15x15cm at a distance of 1 feet fill the
pits with one part of cow dung dry, one part of red soil
and one part of sand. Plant the plants and the Irrigate
it. After the planting the plants into the field it
should be watered 2 times a day for 5 days and after that
every alternate days. If you see weeds remove the
same as soon as possible.
The whole plant is plucked after 9 to 10 month. The fresh
plants are chopped and dried in shade. The seeds are
collected when it turns black in colour. The average
matured plants give 2500 Kg. per acre of dry materials.