Indian Name : Ashok Tree
Botanical Name : Saraca indica
Family: Caesalpiniaceae subfamily of the legume family
Parts Use: Bark, Seeds, Flowers
Other names : Malkangani, Malkunki
Saraca Indica is grown all over India. It occur upto the
altitudes 600 metres. It is cultivated in many gardens
because of its decorative orange red flowers and
evergreen beautiful foliage.
Botanical Description :
Leaves are narrowly lanceolate
15.25 cms long cork like at the base and with a short
Stipules are intra-petiolar and completely
united.Flowers are fragrant. They are 7.5-10 cms across
Calyx is yellow to orange and finally red. Its stamens
are 7 to 8. The filaments are filiform.
The bark of saraca indica is distinguished by presence
of wartyprotuberances on its outer surface.
Soil and climate: The plant requires slightly acidic
to neutral soils for good growth with medium to deep
well drained fertile soils. It grows well in tropical to
sub-tropical situations under irrigation.
Nursery raising and planting: The crop can be propagated by seeds and
stem grafting. The seedlings are planted in the well
manured field during the rainy season.
Thinning and weeding: Weeding and thinning of the plants may be done as
and when required usually after 15-30 days for better
Manures, fertilizers and pesticides: The medicinal plants have to be
grown without chemical fertilizers and use of
pesticides. Organic manures like, Farm Yard Manure (FYM),
Vermi-Compost, Green Manure etc. may be used as per
requirement of the species. To prevent diseases,
bio-pesticides could be prepared (either single or
mixture) from Neem (kernel, seeds & leaves),
Chitrakmool, Dhatura, Cow's urine etc.
Irrigation: Normally grown as rainfed crop but for better yield
irrigation may be done as per requirement
Harvesting/ post harvesting operation: Bark is removed from about ten
years or older tree and then it has to be sun dried.
The bark contains tannin, catechol, sterol, and organic
Purchase Advice : The Best time to buy this herb :
Best time to purchase is from January to
Benefits of Ashoka :
is highly acclaimed for its utility in gynaecological
problems. it has been described as kashaya (astringent)
and tikta (bitter) in taste and laghu (light) and
rooksha (dry) in effect. The bark, leaves, flowers and
seeds of the plant are of medicinal value. The main
chemical constituents of the bark are tannin, catechol,
an essential oil, organic calcium and iron compounds.
Ayurvedic texts describe more than 50 preparations for
the treatment of a variety of ailments in which its stem
bark is used as one of the main ingredients.
herb stimulates the uterus, making helpful contractions
more frequent and prolonged. Ashoka also has an
astringent but stimulating effect on the endometrium,
and the ovarian tissues, and is useful in many
gynaecological problems such as uterine bleeding
associated with fibroids and the treatment of
leucorrhoea. It is used with success in cases of
internal bleeding, piles and haemorrhagic dysentry.
has been efficacious in regularising menstrual
disturbances without producing any side-effect. Its
effect on the ovarian tissue may produce an oestrogen-like
activity that enhances the repair of the endometrium and
stops bleeding. In metrorrhagia, in addition to
decreasing the uterine bleeding, it regularises the
interval between two cycles. Besides treating the
symptoms of fatigue and generalised weakness, the use of
Ashoka provides immense relief from painful menses, the
premenstrual syndrome and non-specific white discharge.
It is also useful in menorrhagia (scant menses),
dysmenorrhea (painful menses, menstrual cramps),
depression, bleeding hemorrhoids, uterine fibroids,
considered a uterine sedative and tonic. Useful in
Quality of Ashoka:
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of the above quality :
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