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Indian Name : amloki or aamla
Botanical Name : Phyllanthus emblica /Emblica officinalis
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Parts Use: Fruit

Description :

The tree is small to medium in size, reaching 8 to 18 m in height, with a crooked trunk and spreading branches. The branchlets are glabrous or finely pubescent, 1020 cm long, usually deciduous; the leaves are simple, subsessile and closely set along branchlets, light green, resembling pinnate leaves. The flowers are greenish-yellow. The fruit are nearly spherical, light greenish yellow, quite smooth and hard on appearance, with six vertical stripes or furrows.


Soil and climate:  
Light  as well as  medium heavy soils except  purely sandy soil is ideal for amla  cultivation. The tree is well adopted to dry regions and can also be grown in moderate alkaline soils.

It is a tropical plant. Annual rainfall of  630-800 mm is  ideal  for  its growth. The young plant up to the age of 3 years should be protected from hot  wind during May-June and from frost during winter months. The mature plants can tolerate freezing temperature as well as a high temperature up to 46OC.

Propagation :
Amla  is generally propagated by shield budding. Budding is done on one year old seedlings with buds collected from superior varieties yielding big sized fruits. Older trees or poor yielders can be changed into superior types by top working. 

Planting :
The pits of 1 m3 are to be dug during May-June at a distance of 4.5 m x 4.5 m spacing and should be left for 15-20 days exposing to sunlight. Each pit should be filled with surface soil mixed with 15 kg farm yard manure and 0.5 kg of phosphorus before planting the budded seedling.

Irrigation :
Young  plants require watering during summer months at 15 days interval till they are  fully established. Watering of  bearing plants is advised during summer months at bi-weekly interval. After the monsoon rains, during October - December about 25-30 litres of water per day per tree through drip irrigation should be given. 

Training and pruning :
Leaving only 4-5 well shaped branches with wide angle at about 0.75 m from the ground level, other dead, diseased, week crisscrossing branches and suckers should be pruned off at the end of December. 

Mulching and Intercropping :
During summer, the crop should be mulched with paddy straw or wheat straw at the base of the tree up to 15-20 cm from the trunk. Inter crops like green gram, black gram, cow pea and horse gram can be grown up to 8 years.    

Plant protection :
Major insect :  Bark Eating Caterpillar (Inderbella tetronis)
Major disease   : Rust (Ravenellia emblicae)

Schedule :
Injection of  Endosulphon 0.05% or Monocrotophos 0.03% in holes and plugging with mud is effective in   protecting the tree against bark eating caterpillar. 

      Spraying of Indofil M-45 @ 0.3% twice first in early September and second 15 days after first application controls the spread of rust.

Harvesting and yield :

Amla tree starts bearing after about 4-5 years of planting. The fruits are harvested during February when they become dull greenish yellow from light green. The mature fruits are hard and they do not fall at gentle touch and therefore vigorous shaking is required. Fruits can also be harvested using long bamboo poles attached with hooks.

A mature tree of about 10 years will yield 50-70 kg of fruit. The average weight of the fruit is 60-70 g and 1 kg contains about 15-20  fruits. A well maintained tree  yields up to an age of  70 years.

Purchase Advice : The Best time to buy this herb :

Best time to purchase is from December to January

Benefits of Amla :

The powder of the dried amla fruit is an efficient remedy of hyperacidity, ulcers and blood impurities. It is also used both inside and externally as a decoction and paste. Some of the common uses of amla fruit are as below:

  • Amla strengthens the body, oust toxins from the body and improves defense mechanism of the body.
  • It is an essential vitamin to get better eye sight
  • Weakness of body, spirit and mind shall be dispelled by taking fresh amla juice in between meals
  • Massaging the head with amla oil, induce sound sleep and is good for hair.
  • Wash eyes daily, in the cock-crow with amla water, soaked in water and drink the water to improve the eyesight and take out constipation
  • Insert 2-4 amla juice drops into every nostril to cure bleeding for nose
  • Regulates Blood Sugar
  • Very influential anti-inflammatory herb
  • A wonderful antioxidant and a usual Source of Vitamin C. Amla helps scavenge free radicals
  • Amla is powerful food for the brain
  • Studies show that Amla helps inferior cholesterol
  • Amla also helps uphold the functioning of the liver
  • Increases Hemoglobin, Red blood cell count up
  • Useful used for Cough, Bronchitis, Asthma
  • Amla cleanses the maw, strengthens the teeth
  • Its decoction is used in hyperacidity and with sugar as an anthelmintic. The presence of Amla resulted in an enhanced cell survival, decrease free radical production and higher antioxidant levels similar to that of manage cells

Quality of Amla :

  • Seed Less
  • 2% seed
  • 5% Seed
  • With Seed

For bulk purchase of the above qualities :
Please send us an email mentioning the quantity you require and your delivery destination at

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