Indian Name : amloki or aamla
Botanical Name : Phyllanthus emblica /Emblica
Parts Use: Fruit
The tree is small to medium in size, reaching 8 to 18 m in
height, with a crooked trunk and spreading branches. The
branchlets are glabrous or finely pubescent, 10–20 cm
long, usually deciduous; the leaves are simple,
subsessile and closely set along branchlets, light
green, resembling pinnate leaves. The flowers are
greenish-yellow. The fruit are nearly spherical, light
greenish yellow, quite smooth and hard on appearance,
with six vertical stripes or furrows.
Soil and climate:
Light as well as medium heavy soils except
purely sandy soil is ideal for amla cultivation.
The tree is well adopted to dry regions and can also be
grown in moderate alkaline soils.
It is a tropical plant. Annual rainfall of
630-800 mm is ideal for its growth.
The young plant up to the age of 3 years should be
protected from hot wind during May-June and from
frost during winter months. The mature plants can
tolerate freezing temperature as well as a high
temperature up to 46OC.
Amla is generally propagated by shield budding.
Budding is done on one year old seedlings with buds
collected from superior varieties yielding big sized
fruits. Older trees or poor yielders can be changed into
superior types by top working.
The pits of 1 m3 are to be dug during May-June at a
distance of 4.5 m x 4.5 m spacing and should be left for
15-20 days exposing to sunlight. Each pit should be
filled with surface soil mixed with 15 kg farm yard
manure and 0.5 kg of phosphorus before planting the
Young plants require watering during summer months
at 15 days interval till they are fully
established. Watering of bearing plants is advised
during summer months at bi-weekly interval. After the
monsoon rains, during October - December about 25-30
litres of water per day per tree through drip irrigation
should be given.
Training and pruning :
Leaving only 4-5 well shaped branches with wide angle at
about 0.75 m from the ground level, other dead,
diseased, week crisscrossing branches and suckers should
be pruned off at the end of December.
Mulching and Intercropping
During summer, the crop should be mulched with paddy
straw or wheat straw at the base of the tree up to 15-20
cm from the trunk. Inter crops like green gram, black
gram, cow pea and horse gram can be grown up to 8 years.
Plant protection :
Major insect : Bark Eating Caterpillar (Inderbella
Major disease : Rust (Ravenellia
Injection of Endosulphon 0.05% or Monocrotophos
0.03% in holes and plugging with mud is effective
in protecting the tree against bark eating caterpillar.
Spraying of Indofil M-45 @ 0.3% twice
first in early September and second 15 days after first
application controls the spread of rust.
Harvesting and yield :
Amla tree starts bearing after about 4-5 years of
planting. The fruits are harvested during February when
they become dull greenish yellow from light green. The
mature fruits are hard and they do not fall at gentle
touch and therefore vigorous shaking is required. Fruits
can also be harvested using long bamboo poles attached
A mature tree of about 10 years will yield 50-70 kg of
fruit. The average weight of the fruit is 60-70 g and 1
kg contains about 15-20 fruits. A well maintained
tree yields up to an age of 70 years.
Purchase Advice : The Best time to buy this herb :
Best time to purchase is from December to January
Benefits of Amla :
powder of the dried amla fruit is an efficient remedy of
hyperacidity, ulcers and blood impurities. It is also
used both inside and externally as a decoction and
paste. Some of the common uses of amla fruit are as
- Amla strengthens the body, oust toxins from
the body and improves defense mechanism of the body.
- It is an essential vitamin to get better eye
- Weakness of body, spirit and mind shall be
dispelled by taking fresh amla juice in between meals
- Massaging the head with amla oil, induce sound
sleep and is good for hair.
- Wash eyes daily, in the cock-crow with amla
water, soaked in water and drink the water to
improve the eyesight and take out constipation
- Insert 2-4 amla juice drops into every nostril
to cure bleeding for nose
- Regulates Blood Sugar
- Very influential anti-inflammatory herb
- A wonderful antioxidant and a usual Source of
Vitamin C. Amla helps scavenge free radicals
- Amla is powerful food for the brain
- Studies show that Amla helps inferior
- Amla also helps uphold the functioning of the
- Increases Hemoglobin, Red blood cell count up
- Useful used for Cough, Bronchitis, Asthma
- Amla cleanses the maw, strengthens the teeth
- Its decoction is used in hyperacidity and with
sugar as an anthelmintic. The presence of Amla
resulted in an enhanced cell survival, decrease free
radical production and higher antioxidant levels
similar to that of manage cells
- Seed Less
- 2% seed
- 5% Seed
- With Seed
For bulk purchase
of the above qualities :
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