ANCIENT MEDICINE : CHINESE AND GREEK
According to the ancient Chinese system of
philosophy, the human body is governed by Chi, which can loosely
be translated as the 'Life Force'.
The Chi is made up of the Yin and the
Yang - the feminine and masculine principles - that in
perfect balance ensure health, peace and well being.
Any imbalance between the two causes
As early as 2700 BC, the complicated
system of Acupuncture had identified pressure points in the
human body that were considered crucial for the healing
process. By manipulating these pressure points, ancient
Chinese physicians could treat the most complicated of
Ancient Greek medicine (circa 450 BC) is
synonymous with the name of Hippocrates, who is deemed to be
the father of modern medicine.
Hippocrates based his study and his
practice of medicine on logic, reasoning and scientific
For the first time in the ancient world
medicine was separated from religion, philosophy and
superstition. He recorded all his theories and observations
in a series of books, which are now held sacred by the
practitioners of modern medicine all over the world.
From about 6th century BC, many important
developments were made in the fields of surgery,
orthopaedics, opthalmology and obstetrics in Greece. Greek
surgeons using various types of knives, syringes and forceps
as surgical tools. Although there is a school of thought
that believes that transfer of similar knowledge from India
through the trade connections cannot be ruled out entirely.