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Ailments & Remedies

The Eczemas

The terms ‘eczema’ or ‘vicharchika’are synonymous. They refer to distinctive reaction patterns in the skin , which can be either acute or chronic and due to a number of causes.

Types of Eczemas :

There are two groups of eczemas: Exogenous and endogenous. While overlap between the two groups is common, distinction between them is critical for treatment because avoidance of incriminating contactants takes precedence over other measures in the management of exogenous eczema. The box below shows the classification of the eczemas.

Classification of the eczemas :

  • Irritant

  • Allergic


  • Atopic

  • Seborrhoeic

  • Discoid

  • Asteatotic

  • Gravitational

  • Localised neurodermatitis

  • Pompholyx


  • In the former, there is no secretion whereas in the latter, water may come out from the patches, either by scratching or without it.

  • Redness and swelling, usually with ill-defined margin

  • Papules, vesicles and more rarely large blisters.

  • Exudation and cracking.

  • Scaling.

  • Lichenification, a dry leathery thickening with increased skin markings, is secondary to rubbing and scratching.

  • Fissures and scratch marks.

  • Pigmentation.

Healing Options


  • Babul

  • Butea

  • Linseed

  • Madhuca

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  • Salt intake should be reduced. Sour items including pickles and curd are strictly prohibited. 

  • Bitter and neem flowers are useful. Turmeric is perhaps the best as it can be applied externally. 


  • Patients need to cleaned daily with warm water boiled with neem bark. After cleaning the paste of the bark should be applied over it and allowed to dry. Patients are not allowed to have any spicy and oily food. Patients need to avoid the hot ,humid temperature and should kept free from any tight clothing. 


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