Diarrhoea, or loose and
frequent evacuation of the bowels, is a serious condition. It can
be broadly categorised into two types: ordinary diarrhoea and
Root causes and Symptoms:
Diarrhoea may occur due to the incapacity of the bowels to cope
with fatty foods; ingestion of poisonous substances; certain
harmful bacteria, as in cholera or typhoid fever;improper diet;
ulceration of the intestines as in tuberculosis or some diseases
of the liver, kidneys, lungs, or the heart. Diarrhoea may also be
caused by sudden fright or shock due to the death of a beloved
one, or worrying too much.Other Causes of diarrhoea inclued change
of climate, as with mountaineers when they reach hights; change of
season, as in Spring or Autumn; and change of diet to which a
person is habituated.
In diarrhoea of ordinary
intensity, preparations made of the various parts of the babul
tree are useful. A mixture of equal parts of the tender leaves of
the tree with white zeera and black zeera should be administered
in doses of 12 gm each, thrice daily. An infusion made of the bark
of the tree, comprising about a couple of ounces boiled in a pint
of water, should be given thrice daily. Another useful remedy is
to soak 3 gms of catechu, and 4 gm cinnamon for two hours in half
a pint of boiling water, and to give the decoction in 10 ml doses,
thrice a day.
Infantile diarrhoea falls
into a separate category. Contaminated milk or infection in the
alimentary canal may cause diarrhoea in infants, and if an infant
is breast feed, some of the digestive disorders of the mother may
be transmitted to the child. Infantile diarrhoea may be
accompanied by vomiting or gripping pain in the stomach. It is a
common disorder at the time of teething.The child refuses milk, is
giving to crying, and cannot sleep.Care should be taken in such a
condition as continued diarrhoea may lead to dehydration. In some
cases, infantile diarrhoea starts because the clild may be feeding
the milk of a women who is pregnant.
A liquid or semi-liquid diet
should be taken, soups of various vagetable being indicated.
Fluid loss should be compensated by intake of oral fluids.
The diet of the Infantile
diarrhoea should consist of milk with less fat. Cow's milk
or goat's milk should be given. In case of non-availability
of cow's or goat's milk, any milk that is available should
be diluted with water.