Alzheimer's disease (AD), is one form of
dementia that gradually gets worse over time. Dementia is a
loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It
affects memory, thinking, and behavior.
Memory impairment, as well as problems with
language, decision-making ability, judgment, and personality
are necessary features for the diagnosis.
Ayurveda terms Alzheimer’s disease as Ismriti nasha. It
caused by the depletion of dhatus or tissue elements and
upward movement of the excessively accumulated Vata or bio
energies. In Alzheimer's disease, the vata is severely
provoked in the majja dhatu, the tissue layer which includes
the central nervous system and all other tissues, which are
contained within bone. The vata dries and thus degenerates the
brain. In addition, the vata passes from the majja dhatu to
the mano vaha srotas, or "mind-carrying channels,"
causing thought disorders such as paranoia and delusions as
well as memory loss and confusion.
You are more likely to get Alzheimer's disease (AD) if you:
Are older. However, developing AD is not a
part of normal ageing.
Have a close blood relative, such as a
brother, sister, or parent with AD.
Have certain genes linked to AD, such as
APOE epsilon4 allele
The following may also
increase your risk:
The cause of AD is not clear. Genes and
environmental factors seem to play a role.
Symptoms Dementia symptoms include difficulty with many areas of
mental function, including:
Dementia usually first appears as forgetfulness.
Mild cognitive impairment is the stage between normal
forgetfulness due to aging. People
with MCI (Mild cognitive impairment) have mild problems with thinking and memory that do not
interfere with everyday activities. They are often aware of the
forgetfulness. Not everyone with MCI develops AD.
There are two types of AD:
Early onset AD: Symptoms appear before age
60. This type is much less common. However,
it tends to get worse quickly. Early onset disease can run
in families. Several genes have been identified.
Late onset AD: This is the most common type.
It occurs in people age 60 and older. It may run in some
families, but the role of genes is less clear.
The early symptoms of
AD can include :
Difficulty performing tasks that take some
thought, but used to come easily, such as balancing a
checkbook, playing complex games (such as bridge), and
learning new information or routines
Getting lost on familiar routes
Language problems, such as trouble finding
the name of familiar objects
Losing interest in things previously
enjoyed, flat mood
Personality changes and loss of social
As the AD becomes worse,
symptoms are more obvious and interfere with your ability to
take care of yourself. Symptoms can include :
Change in sleep patterns, often waking up at
Delusions, depression, agitation
Difficulty doing basic tasks, such as
preparing meals, choosing proper clothing, and driving
Difficulty reading or writing
Forgetting details about current events
Forgetting events in your own life history,
losing awareness of who you are
Hallucinations, arguments, striking out and
Poor judgment and loss of ability to
Using the wrong word, mispronouncing words,
speaking in confusing sentences
Withdrawing from social contact
People with severe AD can
no longer :
Other symptoms that may
occur with AD:
||Whole grains promote the
production of the brain neurotransmitter serotonin,
which increases your sense of well-being. Green, yellow,
and orange vegetables are all rich in minerals,
vitamins, and phyto-chemicals, which boost immune
response and protect against disease.
There are many foods, which help in meeting the demands
of AD and should be taken regularly by the patients.
These include yoghurt, blackstrap molasses, seeds and
sprouts. Yoghurt is rich in vitamins A, D, and the B
complex group. Seeds such as alfalfa, sunflower,
pumpkins and sprouts are rich in calcium and quite