Bleeding gums is among
the common conditions affecting the oral cavity. The Chinese
might have noticed bleeding gums as early as 2500 BC. They
termed the associated diseases as "Ya-Kon" which means diseases
of soft tissue surrounding the teeth. This problem still
continues to affect us even with so many modern facilities
available in the field of oral care. Gum disease begins with
plaque, a sticky film of food particles, germs and saliva. If
not removed, plaque will settle at the gum line. The germs will
produce toxins that makes the gums red, tender and likely to
bleed when brushing your teeth. There are chronic conditions and
even some medications that can cause plaque to accumulate more
quickly. The purpose of daily brushing rinsing and flossing is
to clean away this plaque. When this plaque is not removed it
can harden into tartar which builds up along the gum line and
traps germs below. The mildest form of gum disease is called
gingivitis and is the most common.
The primary cause of gingivitis is the bacteria
that coat your teeth, and if oral hygiene is poor, it forms a
sticky white substance called plaque. The bacteria here
proliferates faster and produces toxins that irritates your
gums, keeping them swollen and red. When they are left
untreated, they will destroy the tissues connecting the gums to
the tooth, and eventually the tooth to the bones, causing a deep
pocket and eventually attacks the bony structure. It has now
progressed into what we call periodontitis, which is an
irreversible form of gum disease.
The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes
of Bleeding gums as a symptom.
Bleeding is usually noticed during brushing,
or in the saliva, while spitting.
Eating of any coarse food items may induce
With a pinch of
salt soaked in a glass of lukewarm water, you now create a
homemade saline solution. Use this to rinse in the morning and
in the evening. This will help increase circulation in your
gums and reduce the swelling.
No matter how well and how often you brush your teeth, you
can't reach the areas between your teeth and below the gums.
Make the habit of flossing. Floss comes in very handy. Keep
one in your bag or at your office. After meal, floss it!
To brush your
teeth to gain maximum benefits.
Push the loaded brush as far as you can into the area
where the tooth meets the gum (sulcus).
Use a vibrating motion (very small wiggling motion) so
that the bristles that are forced into the sulcus remain
there as you vibrate. Itís an agitating type of motion. Do
not use wide circular motions. Repeat this action as you
move along the gum line for three to five seconds at each
spot on both the cheek and tongue side.
Repeat this procedure until you have completed both
upper and lower gum lines, inside and out. Whenever
necessary spit out any build up of toothpaste and saliva
until you finish. When done just rinse your mouth with
Do this once a day gradually increasing to twice a day.
When you are able to do it twice a day, do so for two weeks.
After two weeks, your gums should have become very tough and
should have a pink-white color.
Another important tool that you should have is a water
pik system. Do not underestimate the power of water. Water
can do a lot of damage (as you have seen with floods and
huge tidal waves) and it can also be your friend.
An oral irrigator can drastically inhibit the formation
of plaque and tartar. As time goes by, plaque, if not
removed, turns into tartar. An oral irrigator pulls away
approximately 50% of the negative bacteria with each use,
leaving good bacteria that are needed to fight microbes.
A toothbrush is not designed to clean anything more than
1-3 mm, which is a normal healthy gum condition. Therefore
an oral irrigator is necessary to reach those areas that
cannot be maintained with the toothbrush and floss alone.
That's all there is to it. If you perform the proper
treatments to your teeth and do it right, and use the tools
available to you, you shouldn't have to suffer from gum
disease or bleeding gums. You'll have healthy white teeth
with rosy-red and pink gums that will last you a life time
and keep the rest of your body healthy to boot.