Infertility is a common problem. About a third of the time, infertility
is because of a problem with the woman. One third of the time,
it is a problem with the man. Female Infertility is a term when a woman hasn't been able to
get pregnant after at least one year of trying. If a woman keeps
having recurrent miscarriages, it is also called infertility. Female
infertility can result from physical problems, hormone problems,
and lifestyle or environmental factors.
Most cases of infertility in women result from problems with
producing eggs. One problem is premature ovarian failure, in
which the ovaries stop functioning before natural menopause. In
another, polycentric ovary syndrome (PCOS), the ovaries may not
release an egg regularly or may not release a healthy egg.
The primary symptom of infertility is difficulty getting
pregnant. Various causes of infertility may result in additional
symptoms. Any of the following problems may cause infertility:
Infrequent ovulation (egg release from
the ovary) accounts for 20% of female infertility problems.
If your ovulation is infrequent, your periods will be spaced
apart by longer than a month, or they will be absent. Common
causes of infrequent ovulation include body stresses, such as
eating disorders, unusually ambitious exercise training,
rapid weight loss, low body weight and obesity. Some
hormonal abnormalities such as thyroid problems,
pituitary-gland problems, adrenal-gland problems and
Syndrome can delay or prevent the ovaries
from releasing an egg. Some symptoms that might suggest a
hormone abnormality include unexpected weight loss or gain,
fatigue, excessive hair growth or hair loss, acne and
ovarian cysts. Cysts in the ovary can cause pelvic pain and
also can interfere with the normal process of ovulation.
Scarring in the fallopian tubes:
prevent pregnancy because it stops the egg from traveling
into the uterus. Fallopian-tube problems are the cause in
approximately 30% of female infertility problems. Damage can
be from a previous surgery, a previous ectopic (tubal)
pregnancy, tubal scarring from endometriosis or from pelvic
inflammatory disease. Pelvic inflammatory disease is a
bacterial infection in the pelvis, caused by sexually
transmitted bacteria such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. It
often scars, damages or blocks the fallopian tubes. A
history of pelvic pain, with or without fever, may suggest a
diagnosis of endometriosis or pelvic infection.
Abnormalities in the shape or lining of the
uterus: It's almost 20% of female infertility
problems. Fibroid tumors or uterine polyps sometimes result
in heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain or enlargement of
the uterus. Scar tissue can develop within the uterine
cavity as a complication of uterine infections,
miscarriages, abortions, or surgical procedures such as a
dilation and curettage (D&C). Such scar tissue can lead
to infrequent periods or minimal menstrual flow.
The causes of failed ovulation can be
categorized as follows:
These are the most common causes of anovulation. The
process of ovulation depends upon a complex balance of
hormones and their interactions to be successful, and any
disruption in this process can hinder ovulation.
sources causing this problem:
to produce mature eggs
of the hypothalamus
of the pituitary gland
Physical damage to the ovaries may result in failed ovulation.
For example, extensive, invasive or multiple surgeries, for repeated
ovarian cysts may cause the capsule of the ovary to become
damaged or scarred such that follicles cannot mature properly
and ovulation does not occur. Infection may also have this
This presents a rare and as of yet unexplainable cause of
an ovulation. Some women cease menstruation and begin
menopause before normal age. It is hypothesized that their
natural supply of eggs has been depleted or that the majority of
cases occur in extremely athletic women with a long history of
low body weight and extensive exercise.
Although currently unexplained, "unruptured follicle
syndrome" occurs in women who produce a normal follicle,
with an egg
inside of it, every month yet the follicle fails to rupture.
The egg, therefore, remains inside the ovary and proper
does not occur.
A small group of women may have a cervical condition in which
the sperm cannot pass through the cervical canal. Whether due to
abnormal mucus production or a prior cervical surgical
of Poorly Functioning Fallopian Tubes :
disease affects approximately 25% of infertile couples and
varies widely, ranging from mild adhesions to complete tubal
blockage. Treatment for tubal disease is most commonly
The main causes
of tubal damage include:
Caused by both bacteria and viruses and usually transmitted
sexually, these infections commonly cause inflammation
resulting in scarring and damage. A specific example is
Hydrosalpnix, a condition in which the fallopian tube is
both ends and fluid collects in the tube.
The most common of these are appendicitis and colitis, causing
inflammation of the abdominal cavity which can affect the
fallopian tubes and lead to scarring and blockage.
This is an important cause of tubal disease and damage.
Pelvic or abdominal surgery can result in adhesions that alter
tubes in such a way that eggs cannot travel through them.
This is a pregnancy that occurs in the tube itself and, even if
carefully and successfully overcome, may cause tubal damage
and is a potentially life-threatening condition.
In rare cases, women may be born with tubal abnormalities,
usually associated with uterus irregularities.
Evaluation of female infertility :
Multiple tests have been proposed for
evaluation of female infertility. The basic evaluation can be
performed by an interested and experienced primary care
physician or an obstetrician-gynecologist. The primary care
physician generally should refer the patient to a specialist for
treatment of infertility. Many gynecologists initiate treatment
prior to referral to a reproductive endocrinologist. This
decision depends upon the results of infertility tests and
What things increase a woman's risk of
Many things can change a woman's ability to have a baby.
How does age affect a woman's ability to have
- Excess alcohol use
- Poor diet
- More athletic training
- Being overweight or underweight
- Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
- Health problems that cause hormonal changes, such as polycystic
ovarian syndrome and primary
Many women are waiting until their 30s and 40s to have
children. About one-third of couples
in which the woman is over 35 have fertility problems.
Aging decreases a woman's chances of having a baby in the
How long should women try to get pregnant before
calling their doctors ?
- Ovaries become less able to release eggs
- Smaller number of eggs left
- Eggs are not as healthy
- Health conditions that can
cause fertility problems
- More likely to have a miscarriage
chances of having a baby decrease rapidly every year after the
age of 30.
Some health problems also increase the risk of infertility.
So, women should talk to their doctors if they have:
- Irregular periods or no menstrual periods
- Very painful periods
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- More than one miscarriage
Treatment of infertility :
- Treatment of the cause
- Sometimes drugs
- Sometimes intrauterine insemination (sometimes called artificial insemination), which involves placing semen
directly in the uterus
- Measures to lessen stress, including counseling and
Herbs which is useful :
More women are turning to herbs to help them conceive
than ever before. That’s because the use of herbs has been
successful with many women. There are herbs that are
used to boost fertility in both men and women. In most cases,
herbs do not have many side effects, if any, and are safe to
take to improve chances of pregnancy.
Supari (Betel Nut)
It gently maintains the healthy production of
female hormones & relieves congestion of the blood &
abdominal area. It also maintains healthy female reproductive
system, helps eases menopausal transition and helps support healthy
libido. It is also used to check the gynecological problems and
vaginal discharges. It helps in increasing the retentive power
of the uterus. Removes debility after child birth. Useful in
Leucorrhoea and backache.
Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus )
an herb that regulates hormonal secretion.
Shatavari is in fact considered to be one of
the most helpful herbs for women as it helps in balancing the
female hormonal system. Shatavari effectively nourishes and cleanses
the blood and the female reproductive organs. It is also a best
source of plant-derived estrogens. Shatavari really
a healthy choice for women who are nursing as well as menopausal
and post-menopausal women.
Shatavari totally nourishes and cleanses the blood and the
female reproductive organs causing it to be very effective in
the enhancing fertility. It nourishes the here womb and ovum and
prepares the female organs for pregnancy and prevents threatened
miscarriage. Shatavari contains phyto-estrogens, the precursors
of estrogen and is very helpful for women who suffer from low
natural estrogen levels as a result of menopause.
Shatavari acts as a galactagogue and is useful in lactation
failure - it promotes lactation.
Below given are some of the yoga poses for infertility that be
done from the comfort of your home.